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ABSTRACT. Most of the recent advances in the understanding of chronic kidney disease (CKD)-related cardiovascular disease have focused on atherosclerosis and arteriosclerosis, and much less effort has been dedicated to unveil and evaluate the mechanisms and impact of interventions related to myocardial dysfunction. Hence, echocardiographic evaluation plays a pivotal role in establishing the diagnosis of myocardiopathy, also in stratifying risk and defining the impact of interventions. Changes in cardiac structure and function detected by echocardiography are common in patients with chronic kidney disease undergoing hemodialysis, and have been recognized as key outcome predictors. This review attempts to summarize recent evidence pointing to the usefulness of the method in the detection of clinical and subclinical cardiac dysfunction, stratification of cardiovascular risk and assessment of intervention strategies. pp. 170– 184

Keywords: echocardiography; chronic kidney disease; systolic dysfunction; diastolic dysfunction; pulmonary hypertension; pericardial disease

RADU A. SASCAU
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Grigore T. Popa University of Medicine,
Georgescu Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, Iasi
ADRIAN COVIC
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Grigore T. Popa University of Medicine, Iasi
DIMITRIE SIRIOPOL
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Grigore T. Popa University of Medicine, Iasi
CRISTIAN STATESCU
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Grigore T. Popa University of Medicine,
Georgescu Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, Iasi

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