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ABSTRACT. Many countries have implemented decentralization. However, in the case of Indonesia it has also been accompanied by a controversial phenomenon: the local government proliferation or “blossoming”. As result of the proliferation wave, the number of local governments in Indonesia increased significantly, also in Eastern Indonesia such as Papua. In recent decentralization and special autonomy for Papua, this region has significantly increased its regional income. Papua was called as example of frontier economy regions that have attracted a large number of economic migrants and it has had a profound impact on the demographic composition of Papua and its ethnic mix. Lack of human resources, in particular in the new autonomous regions, may increase voluntary migrants from other areas. The aim of this paper is to describe demographic changes in Papua and to argue this diversity issue should be concerned in Papuan development. pp. 64–80
JEL codes: J11, Z13


Keywords: diversity, development, social capital, Papua

ALOYSIUS GUNADI BRATA
This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Department of Economics
Faculty of Economics
Atma Jaya Yogyakarta University
ARNOUD LAGENDIJK
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Department of Geography,
Planning and the Environment
Nijmegen School of Management
Radboud University Nijmegen

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