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ABSTRACT. Retroperitoneal hemorrhage is a well-recognized but relatively rare condition with a higher incidence in patients receiving oral anticoagulant therapy. It is most commonly seen as a complication of femoral artery catheterization and pelvic or lumbar trauma. It can happen spontaneously, without obvious precipitating factors, resulting in a spontaneous retroperitoneal hematoma, commonly seen in patients on hemodialysis or are anticoagulated. We present a case of massive retroperitoneal bleeding with an uncommon etiology, spontaneous erosion of the left renal vein by a staghorn calculus. Surgical exploration was mandatory because of the extension of bleeding and nephrectomy the only intraoperative choice. pp. 37–46

Keywords: retroperitoneal hemorrhage; left renal vein; staghorn calculus

How to cite: Constantin, Vlad, Alexandru Carap, Bogdan Socea, Serban Bertesteanu, Ion Motofei, and Alexandru Ciudin (2014), "Retroperitoneal Hematoma Following Left Renal Vein Erosion by a Staghorn Calculus," American Journal of Medical Research 1(1): 37–46.

VLAD CONSTANTIN
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Carol Davila University of Medicine,
St Pantelimon Hospital, Bucharest
Corresponding author
ALEXANDRU CARAP
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Carol Davila University of Medicine,
St Pantelimon Hospital, Bucharest
BOGDAN SOCEA
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Carol Davila University of Medicine,
St Pantelimon Hospital, Bucharest
SERBAN BERTESTEANU
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Carol Davila University of Medicine,
Colțea Clinical Hospital, Bucharest
ION MOTOFEI
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Carol Davila University of Medicine,
St Pantelimon Hospital, Bucharest
ALEXANDRU CIUDIN
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Hospital Clínic de Barcelona, Servicio de Urología

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