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ABSTRACT. I inspect the relevant literature on non-standard work arrangements in digital labor markets, providing both quantitative evidence on trends and numerous in-depth empirical examples. Building my argument by drawing on data collected from Atlas, BloombergView, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Edelman Intelligence, JPMorgan Chase Institute, MBO Partners, RSA/Ipsos MORI, Statista, Upwork, and YouGov Omnibus, I performed analyses and made estimates regarding what motivates gig workers (%), employees and self-employed working more than 45 hours per week in the UK (%), freelancers who say independent work is more secure than a traditional job (%), year-on-year growth in gig economy monthly earnings (US, %), frequency of involvement by annual income from gig economy (%), where individuals typically go to find freelance work (%), the gig economy as a percentage of civilian employment, and annual personal income of freelancers (US, %). Data collected from 5,200 respondents are tested against the research model by using structural equation modeling.
JEL codes: L14; L86

Keywords: non-standard work arrangement; digital labor market; employment regulation

How to cite: Popescu Ljungholm, Doina (2019). “Non-Standard Work Arrangements in Digital Labor Markets: Employment Regulation, Legally Enforceable Rights to Decent Jobs, and Socio-Economic Precariousness,” Psychosociological Issues in Human Resource Management 7(1): 78–83. doi:10.22381/PIHRM71201910

Received 16 January 2019 • Received in revised form 20 April 2019
Accepted 22 April 2019 • Available online 1 May 2019

Doina Popescu Ljungholm
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University of Pitești, Romania

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