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ABSTRACT. The current study has extended past research by elucidating the peculiar character of corruption in Nicaragua, the opportunities for corruption that are open to women, gender differences concerning predisposition to corruption, the correlation between gender equality and level of corruption, and the high levels of corruption and gender inequality. The purpose of this article is to describe the findings from this review and to discuss implications and future directions for practice-related research with socially determined networks and opportunities for corruption, the influence of gender on perception of corruption, the creation of opportunities of and incentives to corruption, the relationship between women’s representation and corruption, and the nature of the social capital formed in the practice of corruption. These findings are consistent with a number of prior observations. pp. 402–407
JEL: D73, J16, M14, Z13, A13

Keywords: perception of corruption, gender inequality, women, social

LUMINITA IONESCU
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Spiru Haret University

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