ABSTRACT. From the very beginning of its existence, mankind felt a strong desire to enter into communion with higher, divine beings, calling them in different ways and displaying various attitudes in the relationship, generally reverence, obedience, invocation. As regards representation, the person who usually tried to enter into communion with the Divine was the tribal or clan chief. From Noah to Abraham and other Patriarchs there was a direct relationship with God, but increasingly the cult relationship was gradually assigned to priesthood, and this cult role was important for the people. Under such circumstances, we understand why the Gospels and the Acts never refer to Jesus as the priest, why Christian priesthood originates in the Biblical Testaments. pp. 15–28

Keywords: Old and New Testaments; Patriarchs; the elders; Divine worship; Christ’s Ministry; cult action; priesthood

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Theological Franciscan Institute, Roman

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