ABSTRACT. Davies writes that the use of the word "cooperative" seems to lead to a confusion between Grice's technical notion and the general meaning associated with the lexeme cooperation. Bach stresses that standardization is different not only from what Grice called "particularized" conversational implicature but also from conventional implicature and other sorts of conventionalization, such as dead metaphor and idiomatization. Allott claims that as far as Grice is concerned, making sense of utterances counts as reasoning, whether it is conscious or not, and whether it involves heuristics or not. Wharton points out that Grice's notion of what is said is to have coincided with the proposition expressed by the speaker, or the truth-conditional content of an utterance. Neale et al. hold that Grice provides systematic attempts to say precisely what meaning is by providing a series of ever more refined analyses of the utterer's meaning, sentence meaning, and what is said.


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